Cats come in all shapes and sizes, characters and temperaments. This cat breed library includes profiles of the major breeds available. To learn more select from the alphabetical list and click on any of the breeds displayed.
Origin : USA
The American Curl is a breed of cat characterized by its unusual ears, which curl back from the face toward the center of the back of the skull.
The first American Curls appeared as strays on the door step of the Rugas in Lakewood, California in June 1981. A black female gave birth to a litter of cats with the same curled ears, and so became the ancestor of all American Curls today.
Both longhaired and shorthaired American Curls have soft, silky coats which lie flat against their bodies. They require little grooming and enjoy spending time with their owners.
Origin : USA
The American Wirehair is a breed of domestic cat originating in upstate New York. American Wirehairs are similar to American Shorthairs, with the exception of a springy, wiry coat, including ear fur, and whiskers. Wirehairs are of a moderate, sturdy build, with round heads, high cheekbones, and a pronounced muzzle.
The Wirehair has an even, balanced temperament which is essentially identical to that of its American Shorthair relative. Wirehairs are equally content to play or fall asleep in their owners' laps. They have been described as cute and somewhat humorous. They are gentle and quiet, but also playful and active. They have quiet voices. American Wirehairs generally prefer to stay indoors.
Origin : Australia
Alternative Names : Spotted Mist
The breed was developed by crossing the Burmese, Abyssinian, and miscellaneous domestic short-haired cats to create a short-haired cat with a spotted coat. Australian Mists are medium-sized short-haired cats, with a round head and large eyes. The coat is very short and lacks an undercoat.
Australian Mists are tolerant of handling and are not inclined to scratch. As kittens they are lively, but are less so when mature. Australian Mists can be excellent indoor cats, which also protects native wildlife. Some Australian Mists can be trained to go for walks on a lead. Neutered/spayed cats and kittens of this breed fit in easily with other cats and dogs, a trait further enhanced through selective breeding.
Origin : USA
Alternative Names : Long-haired Siamese
The Balinese is a long-haired breed of domestic cat with Siamese-style point coloration and sapphire-blue eyes. The Balinese is also known as the purebred long-haired Siamese, since it originated as a natural mutation of that breed, and hence is essentially the same cat with a medium-length silky coat and a distinctively plumed tail.
Balinese share the traits of the short-haired Siamese, and are notably social and playful cats with an intense interest in the activity around them and a tendency to vocalise often and persistently, albeit at a lower volume. They are reputed to have the highest intelligence of all the long-haired breeds, are notably acrobatic, and enjoy intimate contact with their owners.
Origin : USA
The Bengal Cat is a hybrid breed of domestic cat developed by selective breeding and interspecific breeding to evoke the feline denizens of the jungle such as leopards, ocelots, margays and clouded leopards.
They have a "wild" appearance with large spots, rosettes, and a light/white belly. Bengal cats are generally a bright orange or light brown colour, although pale or off-white 'snow' Bengals also exist, and are popular among owners.
Bengals are known for liking water and require a large amount of attention to keep them happy. Bengals also enjoy playing and have been recorded jumping over a metre from the ground.
Origin : France, Burma
Alternative Names : Sacred Birman, Sacred Cat of Birma
The Birman is a long-haired, colour pointed cat distinguished by a silky coat, deep blue eyes and contrasting white "gloves" or "socks" on each paw.
Birmans were almost wiped out as a breed during World War II. Only two cats (a pair) were alive in Europe at the end of the war. The foundation of the breed in postwar France were offspring of this pair. They had to be heavily outcrossed with long-hair breeds such as Persian and Siamese to rebuild the Birman breed.
Birmans have a medium-sized, rectangular body with a broad face and distinct Roman nose. Their ears are ideally as wide on the base as they are tall and should be set as much on top of the head as on the side. The eyes are rounded and should be a deep sapphire blue.
Birmans are known for a stand-offish but affectionate personality. They often appear docile and casual, and love spending a lot of time lazing around the house. They are not particularly vocal but will let you know when they want attention.
Origin : Thailand, USA
Bombay are a type of short-haired cat developed by breeding sable Burmese and black American Shorthair cats to produce a cat of mostly Burmese type, but with a sleek, tight black coat. The breed was developed in an attempt to create a breed of cat that resembled a miniature black panther.
The Bombay is a medium body build, shorthair breed of domestic cat, closely related to the Burmese. It has a close-lying, sleek and glossy black coat which should be coloured to the roots.
Bombay cats are known to be vocal and they do crying and meowing more than other cats. Bombays can often be leash trained, most enjoy playing "fetch," and all are fond of inventing new ways to entertain themselves and the people that live with them. They are congenial and outgoing, and make intelligent, affectionate companions. They do well with children and will often act as a "greeter" with visitors. They live compatibly with dogs and other pets as well.
Origin : Great Britian
The British Shorthair is the pedigreed version of the traditional British domestic cat, with a distinctively chunky body, dense coat and broad face. The most familiar colour variant is the "British Blue", a solid blue-gray with copper eyes.
It is one of the most ancient cat breeds known, probably originating from Egyptian domestic cats imported into Britain by the invading Romans in the first century AD. In modern times it remains the most popular pedigreed breed in its native country.
They are an easygoing but noticeably dignified breed, not as active and playful as many but sweet-natured and devoted to their owners. They tend to be safe around other pets and children since they will tolerate a fair amount of physical interaction, but as a rule do not like to be picked up or carried. They require only minimal grooming and take well to being kept as indoor-only cats; however they can be prone to obesity unless care is taken with their diet.
Origin : Burma, Thailand
The Burmese, meaning copper colour is a breed of domestic cat originating in Southeast Asia and developed in the United States. Most modern Burmese are descendants of one female cat called Wong Mau, which was brought from Burma to America in 1930 and bred with American Siamese.
Originally, all Burmese cats were dark brown, but are now available in a wide variety of colours. Burmese are a small to medium size breed, tending to about 4–6 kg, but are substantially-built, muscular cats and should feel heavy for their size when held.
Burmese are a people-oriented breed, maintaining their kitten-like energy and playfulness into adulthood. They are also said to have a number of overtly dog-like characteristics, forming strong bonds with their owners and gravitating toward human activity, often learning to play fetch and tag.
Origin : United Kingdom
The Burmilla was originally created accidentally in the United Kingdom. Two cats, a Chinchilla Persian named Sanquist, and Fabergé which was a Brown tortie burmese were both awaiting a partner of their own breed in different rooms. One night the cleaner left the door open. The two cats bred, producing four kittens born in 1981 that were so adorable that a new breed was born.
Burmillas are medium-sized with muscular yet elegant bodies, tending to weigh between 3–6 kg. Their distinguishing feature is their sparkling silver coat, and distinctive “make up” lining the nose, lips and eyes.
The Burmilla is quite an irreverent and independent cat who adores its owner and displays many kitten-like characteristics even into adulthood. In temperament they are sociable, playful, and affectionate, and get along well with children and other animals.
Origin : France
The Chartreux is large and muscular, with relatively short, fine-boned limbs, and very fast reflexes. They are known for their blue (grey) water-resistant short hair double coats which are often slightly nappy in texture (often showing "breaks" like a sheepskin) and orange- or copper-colored eyes. Chartreux cats are also known for their "smile": due to the structure of their heads and their tapered muzzles, they often appear to be smiling.
Chartreux cats tend to be quiet, rarely making noises such as mewing or crying, and some are mute. They are quite observant and intelligent, with some Chartreux learning to operate radio on/off buttons and to open screen door latches. They take about two years to reach adulthood. Chartreux cats are playful cats well into their adult years; some can be taught to fetch small objects in the same manner as a dog. Chartreux are good with children and other animals. They are non-aggressive, affectionate, good travelers and generally very healthy. Chartreux tend to bond with one person in their household, preferring to be in their general vicinity (often following their favoured person from room to room), though they are still loving and affectionate to the other members of the household.
Origin : France
The Chausie is a domestic breed of cat that was developed by breeding a few individuals from the non-domestic species jungle cat to a far greater number of domestic cats.
Chausies are bred to be medium to large in size, as compared to traditional domestic breeds. Adult cats typically weigh 4 to 7 kilos. However, because Chausies are built for running and jumping, they tend to be built like basketball players. They are long-bodied and leggy.
Chausies by nature are a gregarious and fun-loving. Chausies are highly intelligent, active, athletic cats. They retain a playfulness and intellectual curiosity lifelong. One thing to keep in mind: Chausies do not like to be alone. They need to have other cats as companions or have human company most of the time. Chausies get along well with dogs and will do fine if raised with a canine buddy. Additionally, Chausies form deep bonds with people. They are extremely loyal, and may have difficulty adjusting if rehomed as adults. They need intelligent people who like living with complicated, intelligent cats.
|The Cheetoh is the newest blend of pedigree cat, utilizing very specific bloodlines of the Bengal and the Ocicat.|
|Chinchillas are a variety of the Persian cat. The Chinchilla is classed as a "silver" cat. Chinchillas of today have a quiet, gentle nature and would be suitable for anyone with the exception of small children, the same applies to all Persians.|
|Colorpoint Shorthairs are the first cousins of the Siamese and the Cat Fanciers' Association is the only registry that recognizes them as a standalone breed. In all other registries, they are part of the Siamese and Oriental breeds.|
|A Cornish Rex is a breed of domestic cat. The Cornish Rex has no hair except for down.|
|The Cymric is a breed of domestic cat. Some cat registries consider the Cymric simply a semi-long-haired variety of the Manx breed, rather than a separate breed.|
|The Devon Rex is a breed of intelligent, short-haired cat that emerged in England during the 1960s. They are known for their slender bodies, wavy coat, and large ears. These cats are capable of learning difficult tricks.|
|Egyptian Maus are a small- to medium-sized short-haired cat breed. Along with the Bahraini Dilmun cat, they are one of the few naturally spotted breeds of domesticated cat. The spots of the Mau occur on only the tips of the hairs of their coat.|
|The Exotic Shorthair is a breed of cat developed to be a shorthaired version of the Persian. The Exotic Shorthair is similar to the Persian in many ways, including temperament and conformation, with the exception of the short dense coat.|
|The Havana Brown was the result of a planned breeding between Siamese and domestic black cats, by a group of cat fanciers in England, in the 1950s. Early breeders introduced a Siamese type Russian Blue into their breeding.|
|Development of the breed began in 2004 and an early name for it was the Highland Lynx. No wild cat genes were used to develop the breed, rather the name refers to the desire to create a domestic cat with a powerful "Big Cat" look. In 2005, the name Highlander was decided on for this unique breed of cat.|
|The Himalayan is a breed or sub-breed of long-haired cat identical in type to the Persian with the exception of its blue eyes and its point colouration which were derived from crossing the Persian with the Siamese.|
|The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of domestic cat with an unusual "bobbed" tail more closely resembling the tail of a rabbit than that of other cats. The variety is native to Japan and Southeast Asia, though it is now found throughout the world.|
|The Javanese is a breed of domestic cat recognized by the Cat Fanciers Association as a show cat. It is an oriental-type longhair.|
Alternative Names : Si-Sawat
Origin : Thailand
The Korat is a slate blue-gray short-haired breed of domestic cat with a small to medium build and is a natural breed and one of the oldest stable cat breeds. In Thailand the Korat is known colloquially as the "good luck cat".
|The LaPerm is a recognized breed of cat. A LaPerm's fur is curly, with the tightest curls being on the belly, throat and base of the ears. LaPerms come in many colors and patterns. LaPerms generally have a very affectionate personality.|
|The Maine Coon is among the largest domesticated breed of cats. It has a distinctive physical appearance and valuable hunting skills. It is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America, specifically native to the state of Maine, where it is the official state cat.|
|Many Manx have a small stub of a tail, but Manx cats are best known as being entirely tailless; this is the most distinguishing characteristic of the breed, along with elongated hind legs and a rounded head.|
|The Munchkin is a relatively new breed of cat characterized by its very short legs, which are caused by a naturally occurring genetic mutation. Much controversy erupted over the breed when it was recognized by The International Cat Association in 1995 with critics voicing concern over potential health and mobility issues.|
|The Nebelung is a rare breed of the domestic cat. Nebelungs have long bodies, wide-set green eyes, long and dense fur, and mild dispositions.|
|The Norwegian Forest cat is a breed of domestic cat native to Northern Europe. This natural breed is adapted to a very cold climate, with top coat of glossy, long, water-shedding hairs, and a woolly undercoat for insulation.|
|The Ocicat is an all-domestic breed of cat which resembles a wild cat but has no wild DNA in its gene pool. The breed is unusual in that it is spotted like a wild cat but has the temperament of a domestic animal.|
|The Oriental Shorthair is a breed of domestic cat that is closely related to the Siamese. It maintains the modern Siamese head and body type but appears in a wide range of coat colors and patterns.|
|The Persian cat is a long-haired breed of cat characterized by its round face and short muzzle. In Britain, it is sometimes called the Longhair or Persian Longhair.|
The Peterbald breed was created during the latter half of 1994 in St. Petersburg, Russia, the result of an experimental mating of a Don Hairless and an Oriental. These days the breed develops in the direction of modern Oriental and Siamese types, that is to say a long muzzle, large set-apart ears, flat cheekbones, and an elegant body on long legs.
|The Pixie-bob is a breed of domestic cat claimed by breed founder Carol Ann Brewer of Washington State to be the progeny of naturally occurring bobcat hybrids.|
|The Ragamuffin is a breed of domestic cat. It is a variant of the Ragdoll cat and was established as a separate breed in 1994. Ragamuffins are notable for their friendly personalities and thick, rabbitlike fur.|
|The Ragdoll is a cat breed with blue eyes and a distinct colorpoint coat. It is a large and muscular semi-longhair cat with a soft and silky coat.|
|The Russian Blue is a cat breed that tends to come in colors varying from a light shale grey to a darker, opaque black. They develop close bonds with their human companions and are sought out as pets due to their personalities and coat.|
|A Savannah cat is a cross between a domestic cat and the serval, a medium-sized, large-eared wild African cat. The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s, and in 2001 the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed.|
|The Scottish Fold is a breed of domestic cat with a natural dominant-gene mutation that affects cartilage throughout the body, causing the ears to "fold", bending forward and down towards the front of their head, which gives the cat what is often described as an "owl-like" appearance.|
|The Selkirk Rex is distinct from all other Rex breeds. Unlike the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex, the hair is of normal length and not partly missing. There are longhair and shorthair varieties.|
|The Siamese cat is one of the first distinctly recognized breeds of Oriental Cat. One of several breeds native to Thailand (formerly known as Siam), the Siamese cat became one of the most popular breed in the 20th century. The modern Siamese is characterized by blue almond-shaped eyes, a triangular head shape, large ears, an elongated, slender, and muscular body, and point colouration.|
|The Siberian is a variety of domestic cat present in Russia for centuries and more recently developed as a formal breed with standards promulgated since the late 1980s. They are one of the largest known domesticated cats, second only to the Maine Coon.|
|The Singapura is one of the smallest breeds of cats, noted for its large eyes and ears, brown ticked coat and blunt tail.|
|The Snowshoe is a rare breed of cat originating in the United States of America in the 1960s. Snowshoes were first produced in Philadelphia when a Siamese breeder's cat gave birth to three kittens with white feet.|
|The first Somali cats appeared in the litters of Abyssinians as long-haired kittens. The usual or ruddy Somali is golden brown ticked with black. There are 28 colors of Somali in total although certain organizations accept only some of these colors.|
|The Sphynx is a breed of cat developed through selective breeding starting in the 1960s, known for its lack of a coat (fur), though it is not truly hairless. The skin should have the texture of chamois, as it has fine hairs. Whiskers may be present, either whole or broken, or may be totally absent.|
|Tonkinese are a domestic cat breed produced by crossbreeding between the Siamese and Burmese. They share many of their parents' distinctively lively, playful personality traits and are similarly distinguished by a coat pattern in a variety of colors.|
|The Toyger is a breed of domestic cat, the result of breeding domestic shorthaired tabbies to make them resemble a "toy tiger", as its striped coat is reminiscent of the tiger's.|
|The Turkish Angora is a breed of domestic cat. Turkish Angoras are one of the ancient, natural breeds of cat, having originated in central Turkey, in the Ankara region.|
|The Turkish Van is a semi-long-haired breed of domestic cat, which was developed in the United Kingdom from a selection of cats obtained from various cities of modern Turkey, especially Southeast Turkey.|