The Siamese cat is one of the first distinctly recognised breeds of Asian cat. Derived from the Wichianmat, one of several varieties of cat native to Thailand (formerly known as Siam). The Siamese became one of the most popular breeds in Europe and North America in the 19th century.
The pointed cat known in the West as "Siamese", recognised for its distinctive markings, is one of several breeds of cats from Siam described and illustrated in manuscripts called "Tamra Maew" (Cat Poems), estimated to have been written from the 14th to the 18th century.
In the 1950s–1960s, as the Siamese was increasing in popularity, many breeders and cat show judges began to favor the more slender look. As a result of generations of selective breeding, they created increasingly long, fine-boned, narrow-headed cats; eventually the modern show Siamese was bred to be extremely elongated, with a lean, tubular body, long, slender legs, a very long, very thin tail that tapers gradually into a point and a long, wedge-shaped head topped by extremely large, wide-set ears.
By the mid-1980s, cats of the original style had largely disappeared from cat shows, but a few breeders, particularly in the UK, continued to breed and register them, resulting in today's two types of Siamese: the modern, "show-style", standardized Siamese, and the "Traditional Siamese", both descended from the same distant ancestors, but with few or no recent ancestors in common, and effectively forming distinct sub-breeds, with some pressure to separate them entirely.
15 - 20 years or more
Medium size cat weighing 3 to 4.5 kilo
Siamese are usually very affectionate and intelligent cats, renowned for their social nature. Many enjoy being with people and often bond strongly to a single person. Some Siamese are extremely vocal in demanding attention. These cats are active and playful and are often described as more dog-like in behavior than other cats.
Siamese cats can be prone to depression due to their desire to be near people or other cats. It's for this reason that Siamese cats are often bought in pairs so that they can keep each other company.
The modern Siamese shares the pointed colour pattern with the Thai or traditional Siamese. Siamese cats tend to darken with age, and generally adult Siamese living in warm climates have lighter coats than those in cool climates. Originally the vast majority of Siamese had seal (extremely dark brown, almost black) points, but occasionally Siamese were born with "blue" (a cool grey) points, genetically a dilution of seal point; chocolate (lighter brown) points, a genetic variation of seal point; or lilac (pale warm gray) points, genetically a diluted chocolate.